Find yourself embroiled in the classic battle of Man vs. Wild? Here is your complete guide on how to survive in the woods while lost with absolutely nothing.
1. Find Water.
Start by looking for existing water sources like streams, springs, rivers, and lakes. Streams and springs are preferable because their movement means the water is less likely to contain bacteria.
Rivers are often polluted, and lakes and other stagnant bodies of water would be your last resort.If you can’t immediately spot an existing water source, there are a few tricks to help you find one. First, stop walking and be still, and listen for the sound of running water. If that doesn’t work, look for animal tracks and follow them, as they almost always lead to water.
Still no luck? Head to a lower elevation if possible. Water naturally flows downhill, so you’re more likely to find a stream in a valley or canyon than in a flat, level area.
2. Make a fire.
Once you’ve found water, the next order of business should be starting a fire. You can use fires to boil water, to cook, to keep warm, and as a way to signal for help.Begin by creating a fire pit. Clear a patch of ground so that all that remains is dirt. Place rocks around the circle in a ring in order to prevent the fire from spreading. Make sure to choose a spot away from low-hanging branches and other vegetation.
Begin with a layer of tinder- materials that burn easily and help get the fire started. Things like wood shavings, wadded paper, or grass all work well.
3.Building a shelter.
Choosing where to set up camp is just as important as how you set it up. Choose a flat site on level ground, at least 100 meters from rivers and streams- you don’t want to be swept away in a flash flood!Avoid hilltops and exposed ridges as they can be cold and windy, as well as ravines, which can also become wind tunnels or fill with water quickly in a flash flood.
In addition, keep an eye out for large rotten trees or boulders, objects that could potentially fall and crush you. And finally, it helps to choose an area with lots of dead branches, sticks, and leaves already on the ground so you can minimize the energy you expend collecting materials.